The Main building of the Royal Castle in the Old Town of Stockholm
The Main building of the Royal Castle is also called "the Square" and consist of 4 sides, the West side, the North side, the East side and the South side. The Square has 4 main floor's, the Ground floor, the Mezzanine floor, the 1:st floor and the 2:nd floor. There is a basement below and an attic above to make the Royal Castle 6 floors in total. Read about the main floors below.
The Main building of the Royal Castle and its 4 sides. 1: The West side (red), 2: The North side (blue), 3: The East side (yellow) and 4: The South side (green).
The 4 sides of the Main building
1 - The West side
GPS: 59.326562, 18.070782
The West side is 122.7 meter facing the Outer Courtyard while it's 89.4 meter facing the Inner Courtyard. The width is 19.8 meter and the height at the Outer Courtyard is 25.75 meter. The walls were completed in 1730.
2 - The North side
GPS: 59.327312, 18.071115
The North side is 115.8 meter facing the Lion slope while it's 77.5 meter facing the Inner Courtyard. The width is 15.7 meter and the height at the top of the Lion slope is 25.24 meter. The walls were completed in 1694.
3 - The East side
GPS: 59.327087, 18.072531
The East side is 122.7 meter facing the Lynx Garden while it's 89.3 meter facing the Inner Courtyard. The width is 19.8 meter and the height at Skeppsbron is 30,88 meter. The walls were completed in 1733.
4 - The South side
GPS: 59.326343, 18.072263
The South side is 115.8 meter facing the Royal Castle slope while it's 77.5 meter facing the Inner Courtyard. The width is 15.8 meter and the height at the South Gate is 24.94 meter. The walls were completed in 1728.
The floors of the Main building
The height of the floors are: The Ground floor 4,75 meter (15,7 feet), the Mezzanine floor 3.27 meter (10.8 feet), the 1:st floor 5,35 meter (17.6 feet) and the 2:nd floor 5.94 meter (19.5 feet).
The Ground floor
Drawing of the Ground floor of the Royal Castle. © www.stockholmoldtown.se
The total area of the Ground floor is 7 420 square meter (79 850 square feet) if we exclude the 4 Gates with the arcades and the Staircases the total area is 5 600 square meter (60 000 square feet). If an average privat house is 150 square meter this floor equals approx. 37 private houses.
The Ground floor with the exceptions of 3 parts have always been the servants part of the Royal Castle. At the south side were the large kitchen (room 517) with the food storages and porclain rooms at the opposit side (rooms 512-516). The largest rooms at the Ground floor is room 434 (Royal apartment room), room 437 (Royal apartment room), rooms 455 (workshop), room 455 (workshop and later museum), room 502 (kitchen), room 517 (main kitchen) and room 403 (food storage).
An interesting detail is the shaft in the hall between room 517 and 518. This is where the food was brought up to the Ground floor from the basement. From the large doors at the Southeast Wind and the Northeast Wind there was access to the street Skeppsbron and from there the shafts could be reached. There is also a shaft between the rooms 502 and 503 with a similar function. The wood used to heat the rooms in the Royal Castle was also brought up through these two shafts.
Today are many of the rooms in the Ground floor mezzanine to increase the office space in the Royal Castle but we can't describe the exact use since we don't have access to the present drawing of the interior of the Royal Castle.
The Mezzanin floor (the half floor)
Drawing of the Mezzanine floor of the Royal Castle. © www.stockholmoldtown.se
The total area of the Mezzanine floor is 7 420 square meter (79 850 square feet) if we exclude the 4 Gates with the arcades, the Staircases, The Hall of State and the Royal Castle church the total area is 3 800 square meter (41 000 square feet). If an average private house is 150 square meter this floor equals approx. 25 private houses.
The most significant feature of the Mezzanine floor is the lower height, "only" 3.27 meter (10.8 feet) and that is for all practical reasons divided into 4 parts interrupted by the 4 Gates. This floor was also used by the servants but the main part was used for the Royal Court as their living quarters. The fact that the height was only 3.27 meter meant that the rooms could not be mezzanine and therefore this were the rooms with the highest height used by others than the Royal family.
Most of the north part of the Mezzanine floor was used by the Royal Court for living quarters, this was mainly due to that this was the part which was closest to the main Royal apartments at the 1:st and 2:nd floor above. The largest rooms at the Mezzanine floor is room 221 (the Kings library before the present Bernadotte library), room 247 (the Salon for the Lady of the Bedchamber), room 259 (the Dining room for the Lady of the Bedchamber) and room 264 (Royal apartment salon).
The 1:st floor
Drawing of the 1:st floor of the Royal Castle. © www.stockholmoldtown.se
The total area of the 1:st floor is 7 420 square meter (79 850 square feet) if we exclude the 2 Staircases, the Hall of State and the Royal Castle church the total area is 4 650 square meter (50 000 square feet). If an average private house is 150 square meter this floor equals approx. 31 private houses.
The 1:st floor was to a great extent used by the Royal family as their living quarters and today the mail apartments at the this floor is the Apartments of the Orders of Chivalry, the Bernadotte Apartments and the Princess Sibylla's Apartment. The last is not open to the public.
The Royal Castle is to all purposes divided into two parts, the West part is the Kings side and the East side is the Queen side. Both sides are mirror of each other and this is most visible at the 1:st and 2:nd floors. Another design feature is that all more private rooms, bedchambers, toilette's etc are all facing the Inner Courtyard and are often (but not always) much smaller in size and mezzanine. Most of the private rooms are not open to the public.
Take a look at the Kings apartment and the Queens apartment and you will find that they are mirror of each other and that there are two rooms between them, room 128 and room 142. Room 128 is the large Bernadotte Gallery and have always been a official room but the smaller room 142 has not. Room 142 used to be called "the Communication room" since this was the room the King and the Queen used when they would visit each other, they had to produce heirs.
The rooms 112-115 was originally the rooms of the Kings Council and it was from these rooms the Kingdom of Sweden was ruled for hundreds of years. At the opposite side were the living quarters of the Prince and Princesses (room 152-164). Note the small room 151 which was the Queens Gallery in the Royal Castle church where she could attend the service without having to mix with others. The equivalent room at the hall of State is room no. 111a where the Royal family could watch State meetings.
The present King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia lived in the rooms 152-164 before they moved to Drottningholm Castle in 1981, even today this is a private part of the Royal Castle and not open to the public.
The 2:nd floor
Drawing of the 2:nd floor of the Royal Castle. © www.stockholmoldtown.se
The total area of the 2:nd floor is 7 420 square meter (79 850 square feet) if we exclude the 2 Staircases, the Hall of State and the Royal Castle church the total area is 4 650 square meter (50 000 square feet). If an average private house is 150 square meter this floor equals approx. 31 private houses.
The 2:nd floor is designed to be the most prominent floor at the Royal Castle with the highest height and the most grand rooms. This floor also has the best view of the surroundings and are most insulated from the noise of the servants, visitors and soldiers at the Ground floor. This was where the architect planned for the Royal family to live, but they selected the 1:st floor instead.
For the first 20 years the rooms where not used much but then some of the Royal family children moved into the 2:nd floor. This became the children's floor from 1770 to 1818. In 1818 the new King karl XIV Johan made the present State Apartment his private living quarters and he stayed there until his death in 1844. After that no one has lived in the State Apartments and it has been used as the official rooms of the Royal Castle for State business, great receptions, dinners and celebrations.
Read more about the other parts of the 2:nd floor by selecting a button above.
The total area of the Attic is 7 420 square meter (79 850 square feet) but since there are no living rooms in the Attic it's normally not included in the total living area of the Royal Castle.
The Attic at the Royal Castle is divided into a number of rooms, 801-830 plus two rooms for the main Statircases. To get up to the roof there are several hatches with the largest in room 823. As a result of the great fire in 1697 that destroyd most of the old Royal Castle Tre Kronor are all the walls betweens the rooms at the Attic fireproof.
Exactly what is stored in the attic we don't know but it's probably the same as its stored in most attics, old stuff that is not used that often.