GPS: 59.327186, 18.072907
The east side of the Lynx Garden is 88.48 meter and the north side i 48.4 meter. The total area is 4 282 square meter (46 000 square feet).
The Lynx Garden was created by the architect Nicodemus Tessin after inspiration of the large Frascati mansions at the slopes outside Rome. He started with creating the present Lynx Garden and then the large staircase connecting it to the Royal Castle Main building and after that staircase down to today's street Skeppsbron. In the early 18:th century there were no street there but a rather an open space at the water front, at that place he planned the lower terrace which was never built.
At that lower terrace he planned a large statue and a great staircase right down to the water where guest arriving by ship could enter the Royal Castle. Today there is a staircase going all the way down to the water and a great statue but it's located in front of the Royal Castle slope (Slottsbacken) and it has been used by the Danish, Norwegian and English monarchs visiting Sweden at a state visit.
The Lynx Garden was planned after the inspiration of the French Le Nôtre style were the trees, flowers etc. are strictly controlled. In the late 18:th century the King Gustav IV Adolf changed this and rebuild the park according to the English garden idea with more freely vegetation deigned by Fredrik Piper. Today the park is back to the original idea of Tessin.
The origin of the name Lynx Garden (Logården) has been debated and there are several ideas of the background. It could have been from the fact that in the old days the Swedish name for a cannon ball was "Lod" and at the time of the Old Castle Tre Kronor there were a storage of cannon balls at this location. However the more likely explanation is probably that it comes from the animal Lynx which is called "Lo" in Swedish.
In 1640 at the old Royal Castle Tre Kronor a wooden building was constructed at the west side of the castle where some animals was kept. In 1645 the Queen Kristina I received a gift of a Leopard and in 1649 a gift of 2 lions were given to the Queen. The wooden building was crowded and was moved to the south side of the Royal Castle where a complete small garden was built for the animals.
In 1660 when a first of the major rebuilding's of the old Royal Castle Tre Kronor started the small garden and the attached house was rebuilt as a theatre and the animals were moved to the east side of the Royal Castle. A larger new animal garden was built and it was called the "Lynx Garden", this name is mentioned in a document. During the construction period of the present Royal Castle the east side of the castle was called the "Lynx Garden side". This was also the name given the great garden by the architect Tessin.